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Passive and Active Fire Protection

Active fire protection and passive fire protection work together to create a comprehensive defense against fires. Having a mix of safety measures in place means if one system fails, there are other backup systems in place. Together, active and passive fire protection maximizes safety. They can slow fire progression, provide early warnings, help evacuation and suppress fires. When implemented properly, these measures create a comprehensive fire safety strategy to reduce risks and protect lives and properties. At Protectorcomms, we provide expert advice on how to best protect your property from fire.


What is passive fire protection?


Passive fire protection is the installation of fire-resistant materials and elements in buildings to contain and slow the spread of fire, smoke and heat. This can include fire resistant walls, doors, floors and even compartments that help contain or slow fires. Passive fire protection can provide crucial time for evacuation and reduce the risk of a fire spreading. This type of fire protection doesn't ‘activate’ like active fire protection, but instead operates continuously.


Examples of passive fire protection


Passive fire protection means using certain features and materials to limit the spread of fire to make your premises safer. Some examples include:


·        Fire resistant walls and partitions to prevent a fire from spreading,

·        Fire doors designed to withstand a fire by slowing or containing it,

·        Fire resistant coatings and seals applied to improve fire resistance,

·        Fire rated floors and ceilings using materials that delay the spread of fire,

·        Fire dampers installed within ducts to prevent a spread through the vents,

·        Fire resistant glass which has been treated to endure high temperatures and prevent the fast flow of flames and smoke.


Types of active fire protection


Active fire protection systems are put in place to detect, suppress or control fires. Equipment includes fire alarms, sprinklers, extinguishers, suppression systems, emergency lighting and smoke control measures. These protection methods actively engage during a fire to either alert occupants, suppress the fire, aid evacuation or control smoke movement. Active fire protection is critical and enhances the overall safety within buildings to protect lives and property. Regular maintenance and testing are essential to ensure the effectiveness of active fire protection systems.


Active fire protection examples


Active fire protection is the use of systems and equipment which actively detects, suppresses or controls fires. Some examples include:


·        Fire Alarm Systems that detect smoke or fire and trigger alarms as a warning,

·        Fire Sprinkler Systems which automatically release water when triggered,

·        Fire Extinguishers to manually control small fires,

·        Fire Suppression Systems to control fires in certain environments or protect valuables,

·        Emergency Lighting and Evacuation Systems to signpost escape routes,

·        Smoke Control Systems to manage movement and aid evacuation and firefighter access.


Difference between active and passive fire protection


Active fire protection means using equipment that actively detects, suppresses or controls a fire. These systems engage directly in response to a fire. Passive fire protection is the installation of fire-resistant materials within buildings, which don’t require activation during an emergency. Passive measures operate continuously and provide a foundation of protection. Both types of protection are integral for a comprehensive fire safety strategy. They work together to enhance the safety within buildings.


Contact us for advice on the most suitable protection againt fire rick for your business.



Smoke Detector in building

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